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Demystifying Data Privacy: Understanding the Cookieless Future


On May 9th, the ARF Young Pros hosted an event focused on data privacy and the implications of a cookieless future. Cole Strain from Samba TV started the event with an overview of data privacy fundamentals and the impending changes due to the deprecation of cookies. This was followed by a panel discussion featuring experts from Snapchat, Comscore, and Google, moderated by one of our Young Pros Advisory Board Members, Gillian Kenah from Tracksuit.

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The ARF Knowledge Center provides secondary research services for ARF and ARF-MSI members on a broad range of topics. Analysis of ARF member questions posed to the Knowledge Center in 2023 shows distinct trends and interests posed by different constituent members. As always, most questions tend to be specific to the unique business needs of each member, but there were some overarching trends, which highlight the evolving landscape of the marketing and advertising industry. This FAQ discusses these trends alongside sample member questions and Knowledge Center research reports.

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A Peek Behind the Curtain at Out-of-Home Advertising

  • Creative Council
  • By Zoe Reiter (Nielsen), Young Pros Officer

On April 4, industry experts explored where out-of-home (OOH) advertising stands today, its current capabilities and its potential in the future. Attendees heard data-backed insights on how OOH has changed in the past decade, where it fits in a multi-channel campaign or media plan, and brands’ objectives in using it.

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Driving Greater Campaign Reach and Relevancy Across Formats

Sharmilan RayerGM, Amazon Publisher Cloud

Sharmilan Rayer of Amazon Publisher Cloud discussed an approach to empowering addressability as legacy identifiers (cookies and mobile IDs) fade. This approach, called durable addressability, includes the sharing of first-party signals across publishers, advertisers and third parties. Its three pillars are first-party signal investment, secure signal collaboration and machine learning (ML) powered modeling. The Amazon Marketing Cloud is their new advertiser clean room which takes this approach. It allows advertisers to combine their first-party signals with Amazon’s publisher ones and any third-party’s in a privacy compliant way. Key takeaways:
  • Durable addressability starts with each member investing in first-party data from a resource, funding and technology perspective.
  • Sixty percent of advertisers report planning to leverage first-party data for ad placements, and 47% of publishers say their first-party data is the answer to cookie deprecation.
  • The first-party data advertisers would bring to this strategy includes customer engagement, conversions and proprietary audiences.
  • Amazon has access to publisher first-party data across CTV, web, mobile and audio. Having access to this first-party data allows for determining which ad opportunities are best for a particular campaign.
  • As cookies deprecate, clean rooms will begin playing a more important role, according to Amazon.
  • Modeling by machine learning has increased reach 20-30% on unaddressable supply, Amazon claims.
  • A new product called Performance Plus combines Amazon Ads signals, advertiser conversion signals and machine learning to generate predictive segments. It has been observed boosting conversions 30-80%.

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Augmented Reality – Unlock New Technology to Drive Brand Growth

Aarti BhaskaranGlobal Head of Research & Insights, Snap

Kara LouisGroup Research Manager, Snap

Aarti Bhaskaran and Kara Louis of Snap presented their amalgamation of work on augmented reality (AR) with key data and client case studies from the last two years. Showcasing the growth of the AR landscape, Aarti and Kara featured how consumers are gravitating towards AR and the expanding number of opportunities available for advertisers in reaching new audiences and utilizing within the media mix. Case studies include brands using AR try-on technology from Champs Sports and Clearly eyeglasses. Key takeaways:
  • AR usage is widespread and growing, from Boomers to GenZ. By the year 2025 there will be approximately 4.3 billion AR users across all generations.
  • Almost all marketers (91%) think consumers use AR for fun, but 67% of consumers prefer using AR for shopping over fun (53%).
  • Interacting with products that have AR experiences leads to a 94% higher purchase conversion rate, as individuals can better assess them and feel connected with brands. Certain AR applications can substitute physical shopping with different features varying across the customer journey.
  • Interactive and personalized shopping experiences reach Gen Z—92% are interested in using AR for shopping, with over half of Gen Z saying they’d be more likely to pay attention to ads using AR. Gen Zs are also twice as likely to buy items that they have experienced first using AR than those who don’t.
  • AR lenses on Snapchat outperformed all other media formats. Other platforms would need 14-20 ads to generate the same level of attention as Snapchat lenses.
  • AR not only drives short-term impact with higher purchase intent and brand preference, but it also improves brand opinion, influences implicit associations and increases likelihood to purchase and recommend.
  • The creative attributes that include logo and product branding, complexity, messaging and user experience show a significant relationship with AR performance in brand lift.

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Emotional Drivers of Long-Term Effectiveness of YouTube Ads

Manuel Garcia-Garcia, Ph.D.Global Lead of Neuroscience, Ipsos

Ariane PolGlobal Head of Research for Creative Works, Google

Geraldine RodriguezClient Manager Applied Research, Ipsos

Can YouTube help drive long-term brand building? How do you measure long-term brand building? When brands want to air strategic long-term campaigns, they typically revert to traditional media. Most people are not in need of a brand’s immediate offering, but they represent the biggest sales opportunity. Ten years ago, the IPA demonstrated that campaigns whose primary focus was emotional were the most effective. Emotions are the fuel that allow high conversion over time. Brands should tap into emotions of consumers that may not be interested in a product now but may be relevant in the future. Ipsos partnered with Google Creative Works to study the observed and declared behaviors. Methodology: A triangulation of methods were used. They were Creative/Spark (market validated KPIs of creative impact); Ipsos Bayesian Nets (models the impact of emotion); Ipsos Emotion Framework (captures emotional responses). Ipsos Emotion Framework defines emotions as physiological changes we experience in response to the environment. These are complex emotions that are heavily driven by culture and context, and they are therefore, not universal. This complicates measuring emotions. While emotions are not universal, we can explain emotions based on valence, arousal and control. This maintains the cultural authenticity but can be compared across cultures. The experimental approach to measuring long-term brand growth included a brand relationship index (BRI), comprised of brand performance = how would you rate [brand] in terms of what you are looking for in a [category] + brand closeness = how close do you feel to [brand]? Findings:
  1. Valence alone explains 28% of variance of long-term brand sales growth for YouTube videos. Highly pleasant residual emotions on YouTube ads have predictive power over long-term brand growth. This works for both YouTube ad formats (skippable and forced).
  2. Highly pleasant YouTube ads make people willing to pay more, reducing price sensitivity.
  3. The highly pleasant emotions that correlated with valence were warmth, happiness, calmness, love, nostalgia and excitement.
  4. Empathy and surprise become important predictors of the brand relationship change index in the long term.
  5. To analyze how respondents group emotions when reporting how ads make them feel, a sophisticated analytic technique based on Bayesian network was applied. This method shows that ads can awaken different emotions, not just one emotional note. Empathy and surprise are more neutral by nature, and this can lead to either positive or negative emotions. They can be bridge emotions between negative and positive emotions.
Key takeaways:
  • Digital media like YouTube can be a prime brand building vehicle, not only for short-term tactical business objectives.
  • Highly pleasant emotions account for 28% of long-term brand growth. Brands should leverage this knowledge to create powerful, emotional storytelling to get closer to current and prospective clients.
  • Positive emotional storytelling supercharges performance. It makes people more willing to pay more for a brand.
  • Emotional storytelling doesn’t mean focusing on one single tone—brands can experiment with several emotions to create powerful and emotionally stirring narratives.

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SeeHer and Horowitz Research’s Gen Z Vibe Check

Tarya WeedonCultural Insights Strategist, Horowitz Research

Yatisha FordeSenior Director, Insights & Thought Leadership, ANA

Tarya Weedon of Horowitz Research and Yatisha Forde of the ANA discussed how to connect and create trust with Gen Z through accurate representation, authentic allyship and honest dialogue. This generation is redefining American culture with their views on gender, sexuality and fluidity. Champions of gender equality, they are a vocal cohort at the forefront of reversing the negative effects of traditional gender rules and stereotypes. Gen Z are hyperaware of when a campaign’s message is inauthentic or a brand does not “walk the walk.” Fewer Gen Z than other generations think advertising accurately reflects them. Tarya and Yatisha offered advice on how to pass the “vibe check” with this generation. Their study had two legs, a qualitative phase which was interacting over a two-week period with an online community with 70 Gen Zers in the U.S. The quantitative phase was an online survey among 800 U.S. respondents ages 14-to-24. Key takeaways:
  • Forty percent of Gen Zers said labels should be chosen by the individual, not society.
  • Over 50% said both male and female identifying people can do anything from using makeup to doing manual physical labor, and from being emotional to being in STEM.
  • Eighty-eight percent disagree that increased acceptance of non-traditional ways about gender and sexuality is bad for society.
  • Half of Gen Z self-identify as gender non-binary, and 64% identify as sexually fluid.
  • Forty-six percent said claiming support wasn’t enough. To be seen as trustworthy, a brand needs to show its support in action.
  • Forty-seven percent said it felt like pandering when an ad highlighted a cause that they’re not involved in.
  • Although respondents thought that all brands have a responsibility to influence perceptions about gender and sexuality, they felt some types of brands have a bigger responsibility than others. The biggest responsibility came to beauty/self-care brands (50%), clothing (49%), pharma/health (20%) and food/beverage brands (18%).
  • Just 47% of respondents felt like advertising accurately reflected their generation.
  • Recommendations included making diversity part of the brand ethos, reimagining gender and sexuality in advertising content, leveraging SheHer guides and GEM best practices, including more diversity and aspects of intersectionality in advertising and finding ways to open dialogue that is inclusive and without judgment.

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Best Practices for Multilingual Campaigns

Alexis Harris Global Research & Insights Partner, Marketing Science, TikTok

Jaclyn WilliamsResearch and Insights Manager, NA & Global Functions, TikTok

Alexis Harris and Jaclyn Williams of TikTok explained best practices for developing successful multilingual campaigns. Their data came from a survey where bilingual Hispanic TikTok users evaluated different creative elements in Spanish, to see how best to positively influence brand perceptions and business outcomes. This group feels one hundred percent both American and Hispanic culturally. They prefer to see and hear things in both languages throughout the day, a desire not currently being met by brands. Done consistently and authentically, language resonance can transfer into long-term benefits like brand loyalty and advocacy. Voiceover was the number one creative element to lift upper and mid-funnel metrics. Importantly, Spanish voiceover did not turn off English only speakers. TikTok partnered with NRG to conduct this 20-minute quantitative survey. It leveraged in-context ad exposure. They analyzed 32 ad variations (such as adding Spanish voiceover, music or subtitles) across four verticals: beauty, auto, QSR dining and telco. The survey was given to 1,600 monthly TikTok users in the US: 1,200 were multilingual, while 400 were English-only speakers. They found that fluency in Spanish is diverse. Researchers put respondents into three groups: English dominant, bilingual and Spanish dominant. Thirty-four percent of respondents identified completely with Hispanic culture, 31% identified completely with American culture and 17% completely with both. Key takeaways:
  • Sixty-nine percent said bilingual ads made them feel seen and represented.
  • Sixty-three percent of bilinguals liked seeing both languages throughout their day, 59% wanted to see both languages in their social feeds and 59% wanted to encounter both English and Spanish when seeing ads.
  • Bilingual audiences are 2.5 times more likely to share ads that use multiple languages. They are also three times more brand loyal when advertised to in Spanish.
  • Seventy-one percent of respondents wanted to see more celebrities from their own culture, 66% liked ads that referenced everyday life and 63% wanted more influencers from their culture in ads.
  • Spanish voiceover was the most effective creative technique. It drove positive brand perceptions, brand connection, engagement and consideration. Captions were the second most effective technique, driving all but consideration. Music only drove brand engagement.
  • After experiencing a Spanish voiceover in an ad on TikTok:
    • Thirty-eight percent of bilinguals watched product reviews about the brand on the social media platform, and 57% watched more ads on TikTok from the brand.
    • Fifty-two percent shared the ad on TikTok, and 27% talked about it with a friend or family member.
  • Brand favorability was at 61% of non-Spanish speaking users after encountering a bilingual English-Spanish ad.

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